Supplemental Security Income (SSI)


Angelica’s Story

When Angelica was first hospitalized with schizophrenia at 17, she was covered by her mother’s employer-sponsored health coverage. But when Angelica turned 26, she couldn’t stay on her mother’s insurance anymore, even as her mental state got worse — she could no longer hold down a job, was running out of money and ideas, and had no health coverage.

Angelica’s aunt helped out by paying for Angelica’s trips to a psychologist, who helped her understand what was going on. “You have a medical condition, a mental health issue, which keeps you from working. The government calls that a disability. Why don’t you go to the local county or tribal human services office and see if they can help? I think you should be able to get some cash assistance and medical coverage.”

Applying for Help

Angelica went to her county or tribal human services office and talked to Lauretta, a social worker. They sat down together, while Angelica told Lauretta about her medical history and her inability to work. She’d had no work for three months and was down to the last $500 in her bank account.

Lauretta explained that with her medical and work history, Angelica should be eligible for Social Security disability benefits, either Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Social Security would check their records to see if Angelica had worked enough in the past to qualify for SSDI; otherwise, she’d probably get SSI instead. “You haven’t been able to work at the Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA) level — $1,550/month — for some time now. And with just $500 in resources, you’re below SSI’s $2,000 resource limit. So you’ll probably qualify.”

When Lauretta mentioned that the application process could take several months, Angelica was unhappy. She was out of money right now. Lauretta said, “I understand. The good news is that the county can offer some temporary help while you wait for Social Security to review your application.” Together, they also called the local Social Security office to make an appointment for Angelica to turn in her SSI application later in the week.

Angelica came back the next day with bank statements, tax records, paystubs, and contact information for all the doctors and hospitals she’d dealt with. Then Angelica and Lauretta sat down together and used MNbenefits to apply online for General Assistance (GA) and for SNAP (formerly Food Support/Food Stamps). Lauretta also helped Angelica apply for Medical Assistance (MA) using the paper application form. "Now that you're 26, your mother's employer-sponsored health plan won't cover you anymore. But, since your income is below 138% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines (FPG), you'll qualify for MA." This was a huge relief for Angelica, who didn't know that she could have been on MA instead of being uninsured.

Then, Lauretta helped Angelica apply for SSI online. “We want to get your application into their records as quickly as possible, because if it turns out you qualify for SSI, they’ll pay your SSI benefits all the way back to your application date,” Lauretta said.


In early January, Lauretta called Angelica. Angelica was approved for GA, SNAP, and MA. “I’m breathing easier, now that I've got health coverage and some money,” she said.

On February 22, Angelica called Lauretta, clearly upset. She’d gotten a denial letter from Social Security. Lauretta asked Angelica to read the letterhead carefully. It turned out that Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) had denied Angelica because she didn’t have enough work credits to qualify. “That’s fine,” Lauretta explained. “We didn’t expect you to get SSDI anyway, given your work record. We’re really looking for SSI. Social Security has to check to see if you qualify for SSDI first, before they can consider you for SSI, that’s all. You’ve just got some more waiting to do.”


On April 12, Angelica got her SSI award letter. She qualified for $943/month in SSI benefits. She called up Lauretta to ask what would happen next.

Lauretta explained, “First, SSI will pay you retroactive benefits. Since you applied back in December, SSI will give you benefits for each month you’ve been waiting since then. Some of the retroactive benefits will automatically be used to pay back the benefits you got from the GA program while you were waiting for your SSI application to be approved. Now that you are getting SSI, your GA benefits will end and the amount you get in SNAP will go down to $23 per month.”

Angelica gasped as Lauretta reassured her, “It's okay. You’ll be in much better shape overall. You'll get $943 per month in SSI, which is way more than the $203 you were getting in GA, and now that you qualify for SSI, the county can approve you for Minnesota Supplemental Aid (MSA) benefits, which will give you an extra $81 per month." Angelica sighed with relief.

“When you’re feeling up to it,” Lauretta added, “you can start thinking about going back to work a few hours a week. You’ll have to report any changes in your income both to this office and to Social Security. But it’s worth it, because your SSI benefits amount will go down by less than your earnings, so you should always end up better off if you can work. For example, if you start earning $300 per month, your SSI benefits amount will only go down by $107.50 and your MSA won't change at all. Try out DB101’s Benefits and Work Estimator to get a feel for how earnings and SSI work together. When you are seriously considering going back to work, you should Chat with a Hub expert.”

“Thanks for everything,” said Angelica.

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